What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common oral health issue that affects the tissues surrounding the teeth. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth, leading to inflammation and infection of the gums. For more details about periodontal disease you can consult our Dentist in Plano Tx .

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Poor oral hygiene is the primary cause of periodontal disease. When plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it hardens into tartar, which can only be removed by a professional dental cleaning. Other risk factors include smoking, genetics, hormonal changes, and certain medical conditions.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Early stages of periodontal disease may present with symptoms such as red, swollen gums, bad breath, and bleeding when brushing or flossing. As the disease progresses, it can lead to gum recession, loose teeth, and ultimately tooth loss if left untreated.

 Treatment for Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease Treatment

The main goal of treating periodontal disease is to control the infection and prevent further damage to the gums and teeth. Treatment options may include scaling and root planing (deep cleaning), antibiotics, and in severe cases, surgery to repair damaged tissues or replace missing teeth.

Preventing Periodontal Disease

Prevention is key when it comes to periodontal disease. Maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and regular dental check-ups, can help prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar that can lead to gum disease. Avoiding tobacco products and maintaining a healthy diet can also reduce the risk of developing periodontal disease.

Importance of Early Detection and Treatment

Early detection of periodontal disease is crucial in preventing further damage to the gums and teeth. If you experience any symptoms of gum disease, such as persistent bad breath or bleeding gums, it is important to seek prompt treatment from a dental professional. With proper care and treatment, periodontal disease can be managed effectively to maintain oral health.


In conclusion, understanding periodontal disease, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options can help individuals take proactive steps to maintain healthy gums and teeth. By practicing good oral hygiene habits and seeking timely treatment, the impact of periodontal disease can be minimized, helping to preserve overall oral health.